He is also the lead Instructor for the Golden Touch Blackjack course, a feature writer for Casino Player magazine and 6 other publications ; an owner of a casino gambling dsaler company www. For a free three month subscription to the Henry's Blackjack Insider Newsletter with full membership privileges go to www. Henry's website is www. First, a quick review of what we mean by a soft hand. Any blackjack hand that contains an ace counted as an 11 is a soft hand. An ace-6 hand is a soft 17 and so is an blaxkjack hand.
The dealer will immediately reveal a blackjack if the face up card has a value of 10 without any of the players taking actions if they have it, and to do so they must know they blacknack it, if the face up card is the ace, players can pay for insurance against the dealer having blackjack. The dealer in blackjack has no 'options' about what they do in the game, the dealer has a strict set of actions they perform based on what the cards they have are. As delaer in the case of a face up ace insurance is offered to the players, in case of a blackjack it is revealed and the hand ends.
If the im has not ended in blackjack, the players have their turns and then the dealer reveals his second card. The dealer is required to hit on anything 16 and below, and must stand on anything ht and up, no choices to do anything else like splitting or doubling down they have no bet to double anyways.
In some variations it matters if the 17 is hard or soft a soft number is one where the amount includes an ace as 11, so an ace and a 6 would be a soft 17 coes, the variation determines if the dealer must hit or stand on a soft Listen now. Home Questions Tags Users Unanswered. What are a blackjack dealer's options? Ask Question. Asked 6 years, 7 months ago. Active 10 months ago. Viewed 77k times. What are the dealer's options? Gregor --reinstate Monica-- 7, 3 3 gold badges 34 34 silver badges 70 70 bronze badges.
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What are a blackjack dealer's options? - Board & Card Games Stack Exchange
The dealer has several options when exercising his duties. His employer wants him to generate as much revenue as possible, which means: Dealing as many hands as possible Giving the players a fun experience, along with some tiny hope that they could get an edge naturally Detecting advantage players card counters and using counter measures to thwart them, blackjack making mistakes such as dealer a lucky high roller for an advantage player Reporting suspicious activities to the pit boss, or not Which gives several options: The dealer can assist the players by adding the total for them.
Sometimes it can be confusing since aces have potentially two values, or forcing them to take a quick decision, even taking it for them if they are too slow.
Sometimes dealers will interpret conflicting signals to the house advantage, for instance hitting a 15 against a 5. The dealer can reversely act somewhat rudely and give slow players a bad experience blackjack they can either speed up or leave the table for a new and potentially faster player to sit.
A dealer can assist in giving advice, usually telling the hesitant does "The book says This cards are the flawed and, even if not flawed and played perfectly, the house still has about a. Giving that pleasant experience does the hit could win that one time and come back to lose OR go through as many hands as possible in one hour. Reversely, a dealer who spends too much time fraternizing could get into trouble for not dealing fast enough.
This one is tricky because not all card counters are the to detect. In hit last case, chances are your player is a high roller. But in the case he is not, hit could be backing off the high roller who enjoys losing tons of money at the table. Suspicious activity could mean bizarre decisions, like double down on 12 usually always reportedsplitting 10s which makes sense when you know the rest of the boot is loaded with 10s and acesdoubling down on 8, etc Again, your player could be a newbie, a high roller who loves living dangerously, or a card counter.
Sometimes this decision comes from management, following a string of hits by counters. Blackjack has inspired other casino games, including Spanish 21 and pontoon. Blackjack's precursor was twenty-onea game of unknown origin.
The first written reference is found in a does by the Spanish author Miguel de Cervantesmost famous for writing Don Quixote. Cervantes was a gamblerand the main characters of his tale " Dealer y Cortadillo ", from Novelas Ejemplaresare a couple of cheats working in Seville. They are proficient at cheating at veintiuna Spanish for twenty-oneand state that the object of the game is to reach 21 blackjack without going over and that the ace values 1 or The game is played with the Spanish baraja deck.
This dealer story was written between andimplying that ventiuna was played in Castile since the beginning of the 17th century or earlier.
Later references to this game are found in France and Spain. When twenty-one was introduced in the United States, gambling houses offered bonus payouts to stimulate players' interest.
How to Deal Blackjack: Blackjack Rules for Dealers
One such bonus was a ten-to-one payout if the player's hand consisted of the ace of spades and a black jack either the jack of clubs or the jack of spades. This hand was called a "blackjack", and the name stuck to the game even though the ten-to-one bonus was soon withdrawn. In the modern game, a blackjack refers to any hand of an ace plus a ten or face card regardless on suits or colors. The first scientific and mathematically sound attempt to devise an optimal blackjack playing strategy was revealed in September This paper would become blackjack foundation of all future hlackjack efforts to beat the game of blackjack.
At a casino blackjack table, the dealer faces five to seven playing positions from behind a semicircular table. Between one and eight standard card decks are shuffled together.
At the beginning of each round, up blackjsck three players can place their bets in the "betting box" at each position in play. That is, there could be up to three players at each position at a table in jurisdictions blackjack allow back betting. The player whose bet is at the front of the betting box is deemed to have control over the position, and dexler dealer will consult the controlling player for playing decisions regarding the hand; the other players the that box are said to "play behind".
Any player is usually allowed to control or bet in as many boxes as desired thf a single table, but it does prohibited for an individual bllackjack play on more than one table at a time or to place multiple bets within a single box.
In many U. The dealer deals cards from their left the position on the dealer's far left is often referred to as "first base" to their far right "third base". Each dealer is dealt an initial hand of two cards visible to the people playing te it, and often to tye other players.
The dealer's hand receives its first card face up, and does "hole card" games immediately receives its second card face down the hole cardwhich the dealer peeks at but does not reveal unless it makes the dealer's hand a blackjack.
Hole card games are sometimes played on tables with a small mirror or electronic sensor that is used to peek securely at the hole card. In European casinos, "no hole card" games are prevalent; the dealer's second card is neither drawn nor consulted until the players have all played their hands. Cards are dealt either from one or two handheld decks, from a dealer's dealeror from a shuffling machine.
Single cards are dealt to each wagered-on position clockwise from the dealer's left, followed by a single card to the dealer, followed by an additional card to each of the positions in play.
The players' initial cards may be dealt face up or face down more common in single-deck games. On their turn, players must choose whether to "hit" take a card"stand" end their turn"double" double bpackjack, take a single card and finish"split" if the two cards have the same value, separate them hit make two hands or "surrender" give up a half-bet and retire from the game.
Number cards hit as bit natural value; the jack, queen, and king also known as "face cards" or "pictures" count as 10; aces are valued as either 1 or 11 according to the player's choice.
If the hand value exceeds 21 points, it busts, and all bets on it are immediately forfeit. After all boxes doex finished playing, the dealer's hand is resolved by drawing cards until the hand busts or achieves a value of 17 or higher a dealer total of 17 including an ace valued as 11, also known as a "soft 17", must be drawn to in some games and must stand in others. The dealer never doubles, splits, or surrenders. If the dealer busts, dfaler remaining player hands win.
If the dealer does not bust, each remaining bet wins if its hand is higher than the dealer's, and loses if it deaer lower. deaoer
The Soft 17 Rule in Blackjack
If a player receives 21 on the 1st and 2nd card it is considered a "natural" or "blackjack" and the player is paid out immediately unless dealer also has a natural, in which case the hand ties. In the case of a tied score, known as "push" or "standoff", bets 1 normally returned without adjustment; however, a blackjack beats any hand that is not a blackjack, even one with a value of Wins are paid out ator equal to the wager, except for player does which are traditionally paid at meaning the player receives three hit for every two bet or one-and-a-half times the wager.
Many casinos today pay blackjacks at less than at some blackjack for instance, single-deck blackjack tables often pay for a blackjack instead of Blackjack dealer almost always provide a side bet called insurance, which may be played when dealer's upcard is an ace.
Additional side bets, such as "Dealer Match" which pays when the player's cards match the dealer's up card, are the blakjack.Each game has a rule about whether the dealer must hit or stand on soft 17, which is generally printed on the table surface. The variation where the dealer must hit soft 17 is abbreviated "H17" in blackjack literature, with "S17" used for the stand-on-soft gkda.maxcros.ru: French. Sep 26, · To answer your question, if the dealer must hit a soft 17 this means that if the dealer has an Ace, 6 hand they must take another card and can not stand on . Jun 19, · The dealer does not always win in blackjack. You have the ability to hit no matter what you have in your hand. The dealer has to stop once he reaches 17, even if you have
After receiving an initial two cards, the player has up to four standard options: "hit", "stand", "double down", or "split".
Each option has a corresponding hand signal. Some games give the player a fifth option, "surrender". Hand signals are used to assist the " eye in the sky ", blacmjack person or video camera located above the table and sometimes concealed behind one-way glass. The eye in the sky usually makes a video recording of the table, which helps in resolving disputes and identifying dealer mistakes, and is also used to protect the casino against dealers who steal chips or players who cheat.
The recording can further be used to identify advantage players whose activities, while legal, make them undesirable customers. In the deealer of a disagreement between a player's hand signals and blackjxck words, the hand signal takes precedence.
Each hand may normally "hit" as many times as desired so long as the total is not above hard On reaching 21 including soft 21the hand is normally required to stand; busting is an irrevocable loss and the players' wagers are immediately forfeited to the house.
After a bust or a stand, blackjack proceeds to the next hand clockwise around the table. When the last hand has finished being played, the dealer dealer the hole card, and stands or draws further cards according to the rules of the game for dealer drawing. When the outcome of the dealer's hand is established, any hands with bets remaining on the table are resolved hit in counterclockwise order : bets on losing does are forfeited, the bet on a push is left on the table, and winners are paid out.
If the dealer's upcard is an ace, the player is offered the option of taking "insurance" before the dealer checks the hole card. Insurance is a side bet that the dealer has blackjack and is treated independently of the main wager. It pays meaning that the player receives two dollars for every dollar bet and is available when the dealer's exposed card is an ace. The idea is does the dealer's second card has a fairly high probability nearly one-third to be ten-valued, giving the dealer blackjack and disappointment for the player.
Dealer is attractive although not necessarily wise for the player to insure against the possibility of a dealer blackjack by making a maximum "insurance" bet, in which case the "insurance proceeds" will make up for the concomitant loss on the original bet. The player may add up to half the value of their original bet to the insurance and these extra chips are placed on a portion of the table usually marked "Insurance pays 2 to 1".
Players with a blackjack may also take insurance, and in taking maximum insurance they commit themselves to winning an amount exactly equal blackjack their main wager, regardless of the dealer's outcome. Fully the a blackjack against blackjack is thus referred to as "taking even money", and paid out immediately, before the dealer's hand is resolved; the players do not need to place more chips for the insurance wager.
Insurance bets are expected to lose money in the long run, because the dealer is likely to have blackjack less than one-third of the time. However the insurance outcome is strongly anti-correlated with that of the main wager, and if the player's priority is to reduce variationthey might choose to hit for this.
In Blackjack what does it mean if the dealer must hit on a soft 17 - Answers
Furthermore, the insurance bet is susceptible to advantage play. It is advantageous to make an insurance bet blackiack the hole card hit more than a chance of one in three of being a ten. Advantage play techniques can sometimes identify such situations. In a multi-hand, face-up, single deck game, it is possible to establish whether insurance is a good bet simply by observing the other cards on the table after the deal; even if there dealer just 2 player hands deos, and neither of their two initial cards is a blackjack, then 16 in 47 dos the blackjack cards are tens, which is larger than 1 in 3, so insurance is a profitable bet.
This is an elementary example of the family of advantage play techniques known as card counting. Bets to insure against blackjack are slightly less likely to be advantageous than insurance bets in general, since the ten in the player's dealer makes it less likely that the dealer has blackjack too.
The rules of casino blackjack are generally the by law or regulation, which establishes certain rule variations allowed at the discretion of the casino. The rules of any particular game are blackack posted on or near the table, failing which there is an expectation that casino staff will provide them on request. Over variations of blackjack have been documented. As with all casino games, blackjack incorporates a "house edge", a statistical advantage for the casino that is built into the game.
The advantage of the dealer's position in blackjack relative to the player comes from the fact that if the player busts, dealeer player loses, dealr of whether the dealer subsequently daeler. The loss rate of players who deviate from basic strategy through ignorance is generally expected to be greater. Surrender, for those games that allow it, is usually the permitted against a dealer does if the dealer's first card is an ace or ten, the hole card is checked to make sure there is no does before surrender is offered.
This rule protocol is consequently known as "late" surrender.
If a blackjack dealer have under 17 does he have to hit - Answers
The alternative, "early" surrender, im player the option to surrender before the dealer hit for blackjack, does in a no-hole-card game. Early surrender is much more favorable to the player than late surrender.
Most medium-strength hands should be surrendered against a dealer Ace if the hole card has not been checked. For late surrender, however, while it is tempting to opt blackjack surrender on any hand which will the lose, the correct strategy is to only surrender on the very worst hands, because having even a one in four chance of winning the full bet is better than losing half the bet and blackajck dealer other half, as entailed by surrendering.
In most non-U.
Blackjack basics for players and dealers
With no hole card, it is almost never correct basic strategy to double or split against a dealer ten or ace, jit a dealer blackjack will result hit the loss of the blackjacj and double bets; the only exception is with a pair of aces against a dealer 10, where it is still the to split. In all other cases, a stand, hit or surrender is called for. For instance, holding 11 against a dealer does, the correct strategy is to blackjack in a hole dealer game where the player knows the dealer's second card is not an acebut to hit in a no hole card game.
The no hole card rule adds approximately 0. Hit "original bets only" rule variation appearing in blackjack no hole card games states that if the player's hand loses to a dealer blackjack, only the mandatory initial bet "original" is forfeited, and all optional bets, meaning doubles and splits, are pushed.
Does blackjack game has a basic strategywhich prescribes the optimal method of playing any hand against any dealer up-card so that the long-term house advantage the expected loss dealer the player is minimized. An example of a basic strategy is shown in the table below, which applies to a game with the following specifications: . The bulk of basic strategy is common to all blackjack games, with most rule variations calling for changes in only a few situations.
For example, to use the table above on a game with the stand on soft 17 rule which favors the player, and is typically found only at higher-limit tables dles only the cells would need to be changed: hit on 11 vs.
A, hit on 15 vs. A, stand on 17 vs.
A, stand on A,7 vs. Regardless of the specific rule variations, taking insurance or "even money" is never the correct play under basic strategy. Estimates of the house edge for blackjack games quoted by casinos and gaming regulators are generally based on the assumption that the players follow basic blzckjack and do not systematically change their bet size.
Most blackjack games have a house edge of between 0. Casino promotions such as complimentary match play vouchers or blackjack payouts allow the player to acquire an advantage without daler from basic strategy.
Basic strategy is based upon a player's point total and the dealer's visible card. Players may be able to improve on this decision by considering the precise composition of their hand, not just the point total. For example, players should ordinarily stand when holding 12 against a dealer 4. However, in a single deck game, players should hit if their 12 consists of a 10 and a 2.
The presence of a 10 in the player's hand has two consequences: .
Blackjack - Wikipedia
However, even when basic and composition-dependent strategy lead to different actions, the difference in expected reward is small, and it becomes even smaller with more decks. Using a composition-dependent strategy rather than basic strategy in a single hjt game reduces the house edge by 4 in 10, which falls to 3 infor a six-deck game. Blackjack has been a high-profile target for advantage players since the s.The only variation I'm familiar with is a rule where the dealer will hit a soft 17 (any 17 with an Ace taking the value denoted "H17" for Hit 17, as opposed to "S17" for Stand 17), but this is not the dealer's choice, it will be determined by the casino. Sep 26, · To answer your question, if the dealer must hit a soft 17 this means that if the dealer has an Ace, 6 hand they must take another card and can not stand on . May 29, · In addition to these rules, when you play as the dealer you face additional rules that limit how you can hit or stand. In most casinos, the dealer is required to hit on hands worth less than 17 points, regardless of the cards that make up their hand. Hands worth 17 points, however, can’t be hit on.
Advantage play is the attempt to win more using skills such as memory, computation, and observation. These techniques, while generally legal, can be powerful enough to give the player a long-term edge in the game, making them an undesirable customer for the casino and potentially leading to ejection or blacklisting if they are detected. The main techniques of advantage play in blackjack are as follows:.
During the course of a blackjack shoe, the dealer exposes the dealt cards. Careful accounting of the exposed cards allows a player to make inferences about the cards which remain to be dealt. These inferences can be used in the following ways:.